Lesson 8
Athens and Sparta-Imagine the Possibilities

In this lesson, students learn about important similarities and differences between two key Greek city-states, Athens and Sparta. The students will read a passage about each society and complete a compare-and-contrast activity using a Venn diagram. Next, students learn about the economic concepts of scarcity, choice, and opportunity cost in the context of a production possibilities frontier. Finally, using the concept of opportunity cost and the production possibilities frontier, students answer a key historic question: Why did Athens and Sparta, while similar in many ways, develop into such different economic systems?

Visuals & Activities

Lesson 8 Activities
Lesson 8 Slides


  • Choice
  • Cost
  • Opportunity Cost
  • Product
  • Production
  • Scarcity

Standards in Economics and Personal Finance

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